The Last Days of Socrates – book review

The Last Days of Socrates by Plato

The Last Days of Socrates
In this book Plato provides us with an account of Socrates’s argument on the charges placed against him and his reflections on living philosophically. He is charged with corrupting the minds of the youth and heresy. More specifically, the affidavit states, “Socrates is committing an injustice, in that he inquires into things below the earth and in the sky, and makes the weaker argument defeat the stronger, and teaches others to follow his example”.

The book is divided into four sections:

  1. Euthyphro- Holiness, where Socrates discusses religious ideas with Euthyphro and questions ideas about what is holy and how holy are the gods.
  2. Apology-Justice and Duty, where Socrates defends the charges put against him at trial.
  3. Crito- Socrates in prison discussing philosophical virtues with Crito and the reasons as to why he will not attempt to escape.
  4. Phaedo- Socrates discussing the immortality of the Soul prior to his death.

I read this book whenever I got a chance during my pretty hectic schedule. Unfortunately, this led to attempting to understand the text in most inappropriate environments. For instance, at my current place of work it is quite noisy and often full of macho banter as you might expect from a lively bunch of lads. The atmosphere can be quite rajasic (From Sanskrit word; rajas, meaning the activity of creation, it means busy or hectic in this context) leading to some difficulties in trying to understand challenging parts of the text- particularly Phaedo. Therefore, a nice quiet room will be more useful in trying to get to grips with Euthyphro and Phaedo. Both these sections demand concentration and the reader will be justly rewarded for this preparation particularly the latter section. The editor has included a lengthy Introduction. I found this difficult, but may reread this at another time. Each section also has a small Introduction that can be quite challenging at times, and is probably meant for an academic audience.

I had the privilege of listening to Shane Mulhall’s (The head of the Practical Philosophy school in Ireland) Philosophy & Communication CD around the same time as reading this book. I was quite surprised at the similarities between the two texts particularly around the concepts of Truth and Love. For example, Mr. Mulhall mentions that by being totally honest and not speaking pleasant untruths, rather than fearing diminishing bank balances, the opposite actually happens. This is because with virtue comes wealth. Socrates says: ‘wealth does not bring goodness, but goodness brings wealth and every other blessing, both to the individual and to the State’.

Also, Mr Mulhall talks about three types of speakers, two of them being ego-centred and the other being a truth-centred participant. The latter is only interested in the truth of the situation, he offers his own viewpoint and his equally interested in others. ‘He only rests when he gets to the truth of the matter and his grateful when proven wrong’ . In Phaedo, Socrates is having complex discussions on the immortality of the soul. During these discussions, his audience are instructed to pay ‘most careful attention’ and they most certainly do. Cebes and Simmias believe Socrates’s argument is ‘not altogether adequate’ to which he replies: “You’re feeling is very likely right…but tell me where the inadequacies are”. So, Socrates is not offended by any inadequacies of his theories as he is only interested in the truth.

The book deserves a full second reading sometime in the future. However, I will be dipping into the text whenever I feel the need. Socrates discussions on beauty and wisdom are so sublime that I will reflect on these words as often as I can. I would like to close this review with some words of wisdom from Socrates followed by some of caution from Mr Mulhall:

A man only has one thing to consider in every action, that is, whether he is acting justly or unjustly” (Socrates).

Most business meetings are conducted whereby participants know who they will vote for before the voting begins. If judges acted like this it would be appalling’ (Shane Mulhall).

Review by Paul Brown

 

Note: Philosophy & Communication CD is available from the School of Philosophy and Economic Science website.

Philosophy Books

Books to Read

Philosophy BooksThe courses in Practical Philosophy are not book based, there is no pre or during course reading necessary. However, food for the mind in the form of good literature can be quite inspiring to many people for many reasons. So here are a few recommendations you may enjoy.

To purchase books written by students of the school worldwide click here

The list below gives the book title, author and publisher.

  • Advaita Vedanta by Swami Vivekananda. Ramakrishna
  • Aesop’s Fables by Aesop. Penguin
  • Aesthetics by Sheppard. O.U.P
  • Ageless Body, Timeless Mind by Chopra. Random House
  • Alfred the Great by Keynes. Penguin
  • All the World’s a Stage by Boux. Shepheard-Walwyn
  • Art of Loving by Fromm. Harper Collins
  • As a Man Thinketh by Allen. Fowler
  • As a Woman Thinketh by Hulst. Fowler
  • Ashtavakra Gita by Shastri (trans.). Shanti Sadan
  • Awareness by De Mello. Harper Collins
  • Ayurveda by Svoboda. Penguin
  • Be As You Are by Maharshi. Penguin
  • Being Oneself by School of Meditation. S.o.M
  • Bhagavad Gita by Shastri (trans.). Samata
  • Bible. Harper Collins
  • Brief History of Time by Hawkings. Bantam
  • Cloud of Unknowing by Wolters (ed.). Penguin
  • Complete works of Shakespeare by Shakespeare. O.U.P
  • Conference of the Birds by Attar. Penguin
  • Confessions by St. Augustine. Penguin
  • Consider England by Proud and Petts. Shepheard-Walwyn
  • Conversations of Socrates by Xenophon. Penguin
  • Crest Jewel of Discrimination by Sankara. Ramakrishna
  • Dhammapada by Easwaran. Penguin
  • Dibs in Search of Self by Axlinc. Penguin
  • Divine Proportion by Huntley. Dover
  • Eight Upanishads (Vol. 1 and Vol. 2) by Swami Gambhirananda. Advaita Ashram
  • Emperor’s New Mind by Penrose. Random House
  • Eternal Wisdom by Aurobindo. Ashram
  • Four Quarters by Eliot. Faber & Faber
  • Geeta by Sri Purohit Swami. Faber & Faber
  • God and the New Physics by Davies. Penguin
  • God Makes the Rivers Flow by Easwaran. Nilgiri Press
  • The Golden Thread by Boux. Shepheard-Walwyn
  • Good Company by Shantanand Saraswati. Element OP
  • Gospel according to Thomas by Brill
  • Guide for the Perplexed by Schumacher. Random House
  • Guide for the Advanced Soul by Hayward. Ashgrove
  • Heart of the Enlightened by De Mello. Harper Collins
  • Heart of the Hunter by Van der Post. Penguin
  • I am That by Nisargadatta Maharaja. Chetana
  • Imitation of Christ by Kempis. Hodder
  • In Search of the Miraculous by Ouspensky. Penguin
  • In Tune with the Infinite by Trine. Harper Collins
  • Jonathan Livingston Seagull by Bach. Harper Collins
  • Leonardo Drawings by Da Vinci. Dover
  • Letters of Marsilio Ficino. Volumes 1 to 9. by SES (trans.). Shepheard-Walwyn
  • Little Prince by De Saint Exupery. Mammoth
  • Mahabharata by Rajagopalachari. Ramakrishna
  • Man Who Wanted to Meet God by Shantanand Saraswati. Element
  • Marriage of East & West by Griffiths. Harper Collins.
  • Meditations of Marcus Aurelius by M. Aurelius. Penguin
  • Mister God this is Anna by Fynn. Harper Collins
  • Mozart Letters by Mozart. Dover
  • 1791 – Mozart’s Last Year by Robbins-Landon. Harper Collins
  • Nature of Society by MacLaren. SES
  • Oxford Book of Short Poems by Kavanagh (ed.). O.U.P.
  • Philosophy as a way of life: Spiritual exercises from Socrates to Foucault by Pierre Hadot and Arnold Davidson. Wiley-Blackwell
  • Philosophy for Life and Other Dangerous Situations by Jules Evans. Rider Books
  • Pooh & the Philosophers by Williams. Methuen
  • Prophet by Gibran. Manderin
  • Quantum Healing by Chopra. Bantam
  • Quantum Questions by Wilber (ed.). Shambhala
  • Quiet Mind (miniature and large format) by White Eagle. Fowler
  • Ramayana by Rajagopalachari. Ramakrishna
  • Revelations of Divine Love by Julian of Norwich. Penguin
  • Republic by Plato. Penguin
  • Pilgrims Progress by Bunyan. Penguin
  • Portable Plato by Plato. Penguin
  • Sacred Geometry by Lawlor. Thames & Hudson
  • Screwtape Letters by Lewis. Harper Collins
  • Self Reliance by Emerson. Dover
  • Sermon on the Mount acc. to Vedanta by Swami Prabhavananda. Ramakrishna
  • Siddhartha by Hesse. Pan
  • Sonnets by Shakespeare. Dover or Jarrold or R.S.C. edition, Shepheard-Walwyn
  • Sophie’s World by Gaarder. Phoenix
  • Srimad Bhagavatam by Rajagopalachari. Ramakrishna
  • Symposium & Phaedrus by Plato. Dover
  • Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu. Penguin
  • Te of Piglet by Hoff. Mandarin
  • Ten Principal Upanishads by Yeats & Purohit Swami. Faber & Faber
  • Touching the Void by Simpson. Pan
  • Tao of Pooh by Hoff. Mandarin
  • Trial & Death of Socrates by Plato. Dover
  • Truth Will Set You Free. Swami Puma. Element
  • Understanding Music by Hopkins. Orion
  • Voyage of Discovery by Rolls. Study Society
  • Way of the Sufi by Shah. Penguin
  • Wisdom of Insecurity by Watts. Random House
  • World within the Mind by Shastri (trans.). Shanti Sadan
  • Zen Flesh Zen Bones by Reps. Penguin
  • Zen in the Art of Archery by Herrigel. Penguin

 

To find out more about our Practical Philosophy courses in Birmingham click here.

To purchase books written by students of the school worldwide click here.

Philosophy for Life book review

Philosophy for Life and other Dangerous Situations – book review

Philosophy for Life and other Dangerous Situations by Jules Evans

About the Author:

Philosophy for Life - Jules Evans - book reviewJules Evans writes for various high profile publications, gives talks, runs workshops and is part of the Well-Being Project based in London.: Whilst at University , anxiety, panic attacks and mood swings slowly got worse and after 5 years of fear and confusion, he started to research and find ways of how to get better.

About the Book

Jules Evans is fascinated by how ancient philosophy saved his life, and how we can all use it to become happier, wiser and more resilient. In his research Jules discovers that the ancient Greeks knew a thing or two about how to live, how to engage with society, how to govern our emotions and how by using ancient philosophy to withstand crises, overcome adversity and build better lives. Culminating in that happiness is not just pleasant feelings… it’s the joy that comes from fulfilling what is the highest and best in our nature.

Jules imagines a dream school, which includes 12 of the greatest and most colourful thinkers.

Each of these ancient philosophers teaches a technique we can use to transform ourselves and live better lives. These practical techniques are illustrated by the extraordinary stories of real people who are using them today and which have become a way of life, a love of wisdom, not just theory. He meets the founder of CBT (Cognitive Behavioural therapy) discovers and interviews philosophical communities all over the world that are dedicated to “Well Being” for all. Alongside exploring the challenges of trying to build strong ethical communities and questioning how governments try to guide their citizens towards happiness and fulfilment. The book is a force for Well being, finding the balance between the Greeks idea of the Good life and respecting people’s right to ask questions and choose how to live, focusing on not just the individual but opening and broadening our minds, connecting us to society, science, culture and the cosmos.

Inspirational….well worth a read

Review by Ann Howden